Welcome geeks to one more Episode of Next Week in History, a program that explores the past to unlock the secrets of a better future. If you like this series, please share with your friends, we need you to spread the word, pleeASEEEE! Anyway, If you’re wondering why my voice sounds so weird today It’s because I have a really bad cold and that on the top of my weird English accent It might make it a bit harder to understand this episode so forgive me about that I hope you can still enjoy it Anyway, let’s start! Let’s start the week with some WW2 action, cause on December 7th 1941 at 7:48 am Hawaiian Time, Japanese warplanes launched a surprise attack against the USA fleet at Pearl Harbour. This successful Japanese attack however would be their doom, since the US got pissed, enter the war and tipped the scale in favour of the Allies. So Why did Japan attack? Well, after a US embargo, Japan wanted to expand across South East Asia to secure more resources, especially oil, so the surprise attack was meant to cripple the US so they could do nothing to stop them. As a result there was near simultaneous to other attacks on Philippines, Guam, Malaya, Thailand, Singapore and Hong Kong. However the Japanese had miscalculated and the US was able to recover and repair most of the battleships sunk, returning them to service and fighting in the war. Now, some writers have suggested that this was not a surprise attack, the US and British governments might have been aware in advance and may have let it happen with the aim of bringing America into war. December 7th also marks a big day for all lazy cooks around the world cause on that day in 1945 the microwave oven was patented. Percy LeBaron Spencer, an eighth-grade dropout and electronic wizard, accidentally discovered that microwaves would also heat food while working on a radar machine that used microwave radiation. He was carrying a chocolate bar in his pocket and when he went to take a bite… it was completely melt and his shirt was ruined. So after the war he invented the first microwave oven and the first commercial unit was almost 6ft tall, weighed 340 kilograms and cost about 5,000 dollars which is about 53,000 dollar of today’s money. What was the first food he cooked on such an expensive machine? Pop corn… ok… what about the second one? an egg, which exploded in his face… Who would buy this? This is such a tough sell. Anyway, In the 80s the microwave rapidly grew in popularity thanks to much lower prices and now they are an essential kitchen appliance in many countries around the world. December 8th is a sad day in Music history. On that day in 1980, Mark David Chapman, a crazy schizophrenic fan shot and killed Beatle’s co-founder and long time anti-war activist John Lennon in New York just outside his apartment building. Born and raised in Liverpool, John Lennon rose to fame with fellow member Paul McCartney as founders of the most commercially successful band in the history of pop music, the Beatles. He married Yoko Ono in 1969 and changed his name to John Ono Lennon, and after the group breakup in 1970 John embarked on a solo career that produced iconic songs such as Imagine. John Lennon became a symbol of counterculture and his murder triggered an outpouring of grief around the world on an unprecedented scale. At least three Beatles fans committed suicide after the murder and on December 14 1980, millions of people around the world paused for ten minutes of silence to remember Lennon and for those ten minutes, every single radio station in New York City went off the air. December 9th marks a great day in the history of humanity, on this day in 1979 the eradication of smallpox was certified, marking the first eradication of any human disease ever. You might think smallpox is similar to chickenpox but that would be like comparing a simple cold with Ebola. Was it that bad? Hell yeah! in the 20th century alone smallpox claimed between 300 to 500 million lives! Smallpox killed rich and poor, in fact the first trace of Smallpox has been found on the mummified body of Pharaoh Ramses V of Egypt and just in the 18th century it killed 5 different kings changing the course of history Of all those infected, 20–60 percent died from the disease. Presidents George Washington, Andrew Jackson, and Abraham Lincoln, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin all contracted and recovered from the disease. Survivors though were often left blind, deformed and scarred for life. In fact, if you are a Game of Thrones fan, you might know about Greyscale, a deadly illness that is partially inspired by Smallpox. Now Smallpox has been eradicated but the US and Russia refuse to kill the virus stock they have… and I ask… why would they want to keep such a powerful killer virus alive? Scary… December 10th is a day that should unite humanity since it marks the adoption in 1948 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and is annually celebrated as Human Rights Day. This declaration is perhaps the most influential document of the 20th century and in fact is the world’s most translated document according to the Guinness Book of Records. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected. It defines the principles of dignity, liberty, equality and brotherhood of all men and sets freedoms such as the Freedom of movement, freedom of religion and speech. Actually, would those rights apply also to Aliens? That was one of the topics on James Cameron blockbuster Avatar that coincidentally was also released on this day in 2009. The movie went on to become the highest grossing film in history and marvelled the world with immersive computer generated images that brought the world of Pandora and the Naavi to life. In fact, did you know that actually James Cameron wrote the script for Avatar in 1994 but put it on hold because at that point technology was not advanced enough to make the movie he wanted? Wow! I don’t know you, but Avatar was the coolest thing I had seen on a cinema for a long long time, so I can’t wait for the sequels but don’t buy the popcorn yet, the first one is scheduled for December 2017! December 11th marks a big day for the power of love since on that day in 1936, King Edward VIII became the first English monarch ever to voluntarily abdicate the throne. The reason? A woman. King Edward VIII was the eldest son of King George V. By 1934 he had fallen deeply in love with an American, Wallis Warfield Simpson who was already married for the second time and had previously divorced a U.S. Navy pilot. So of course, the royal family disapproved of Edward’s married mistress, but by 1936 the prince was set on following his heart. However before he could discuss this intention with his father, George V died, in January 1936, and Edward was proclaimed king. So his decision to marry his lover became then a matter of State. To the Church of England and most British politicians, an American woman twice divorced was unacceptable as a proper British queen. But Edward still insisted on the marriage. So with no resolution possible, the king renounced the throne and on December 11th gave a radio address in which he explained that it was impossible for him to be king without the help and support of the woman he loved. Oh… that’s so Sweeet! Sure, many think that the guy was a Nazi and he adored Hitler but you got to give it to him, he was one hell of a romantic Nazi. On December 12th the world became a bit smaller as Gugliemo Marconi received the first transatlantic radio signal ever. The Message was not much, just the letter “S” in Morse Code, but the importance of that feat is huge and made Marconi famous as he opened the first commercial wireless telegraph service! Marconi had spent several years experimenting with radiotelegraphy. At that time people thought that the curvature of the earth would make transmissions impossible over 200 miles but Marconi believed that radio waves would follow the curvature and could reach way further. In fact, he was wrong, radio waves travel in straight lines but the system still worked because as the waves were sent to space, they bounced back in the atmosphere, so they could reach further places back on earth. After this, Marconi would continue to play a leading role in radio discoveries and innovations during the next three decades, earning him a Nobel prize in 1909. Fun Fact, did you know that the radio on the Titanic was a Marconi and it was operated by a Marconi operator? On December 13th I wanted to talk about a terrible anniversary, since on that day in 1937 the Japanese Army occupied Nanking in China and started a crazy massacre that has been called the Rape of Nanking. The thing is, the crazy things they did there are so messed up that I don’t think I can talk about them. In any case, if you have the stomach, google it and check it out I think it’s good to know those things to realise that there is a fine line between being humans and becoming freaking beasts. Also I don’ want to end the week on such a dark note, so let’s talk about a nicer event, since on December 13th 1642 Abel Tasman reached New Zealand becoming the first European to see the island. But of course the island was not deserted and if you have ever seen a Kiwi warrior you can imagine that Abel Tasman and his crew shat their pants when they started to get attacked by a South Island Tribe. Probably this scary first contact was the reason why nobody paid much attention to the island until late the 18th century, when Captain James Cook travelled through the area and he saw that besides big ass scary warriors, there was also great beauty to be discovered, as all Lord of the Ring fans will surely know. So with the beautiful landscapes of New Zealand we end this Episode of Next Week in History. Sorry once more about my voice, I know, it’s shit, I have a cold. Hopefully I will be recovered by next week. But the weird accent is gonna continue cause that’s just the way I speak Anyway, thanks for watching guys, hope you liked it! Please share the video with your friends on Tumblr, Reddit, Facebook… seriously all the help we can get to get this growing is welcome. You are our army! Thanks again and always remember, with Kokonuzz, Be Happy, Have Fun & Lets Go nuts! See you next trime geeks!